Urban Tribe - Ride with your kids in front.

Troubled past, hopeful future for neighborhood greenways in northwest Portland

Posted by on April 13th, 2016 at 1:51 pm

NW Portland Week - Day 1 ride-52.jpg

NW Raleigh was set-aside as a bike street by the City of Portland in 1999. Today it’s a neighborhood greenway in name only that has exceedingly high auto volumes and none of the safety features common in other parts of the city.
(Photos: J. Maus/BikePortland)

Part of NW Portland Week.

When you browse over to the Portland Bureau of Transportation’s neighborhood greenways website and follow the links to the list of current projects you’ll see that northwest is the only one of the five quadrants that has this sad note next to it: “PBOT currently does not have any new neighborhood greenway projects in Northwest.”

It’s a stinging reminder that this part of the city, a place with so much cycling potential, still lacks one of Portland’s best tools for encouraging cycling by the “interested but concerned.”

When it comes to the state of neighborhood greenways in northwest Portland, there’s good news and there’s bad news. The bad news is that they’re nearly two decades old, in need of major upgrades, and are smack-dab in the middle of an auto-dominated and change-resistant part of town. The good news is that advocacy to change this dynamic is heating up, the City of Portland has acknowledged the problem, and they’re finally working to remedy the situation.

The history and context

greenways-nwmap-pbot

Neighborhood Greenway Map: City of Portland

There are six neighborhood greenways in northwest listed on the city’s official map: 24th, Johnson, Flanders, Overton, Marshall and Raleigh. Five of those were established in the late 1990s long before the idea of “neighborhood greenway” was even a twinkle in the eye of city planners. And NW Marshall became a bike street only in 2012 as part of a swap when the streetcar kicked the bike lane off of Lovejoy.

While these streets are listed on the map as such; they don’t really deserve the neighborhood greenway label. “Apart from a few sharrows (many of them faded), you’d never know they were neighborhood greenways,” wrote Northwest Portland resident Scott Kocher in an email to us last week. “This is greenway inflation. Someone put them on a map so we could say we have “X” miles of neighborhood greenways, but there’s no there there.”

I rode these streets yesterday and Kocher is right. It’s hard to tell you’re on a street where biking has priority:

NW Portland Week day 2-12.jpg

NW Marshall around 12th.
NW Portland Week day 2-13.jpg

NW Marshall west of I-405.
NW Portland Week day 2-37.jpg

NW Johnson and 16th.

The Portland Bureau of Transportation would use different language to say it, but they agree with Kocher. PBOT Bike Coordinator Roger Geller said in a presentation last year that the existing greenways in northwest are, “a real problem area.”

“The automobile volumes on Northwest neighborhood greenways are likely a contributing factor to the low number of bicycles and overall ridership in the area.”
— From PBOT Neighborhood Greenway Assessment Report (2015)

PBOT’s 2015 Neighborhood Greenway Assessment Report (PDF) also acknowledges the problem: “The automobile volumes on Northwest neighborhood greenways,” it reads, “are likely a contributing factor to the low number of bicycles and overall ridership in the area.”

Along with a lack of the typical features that make neighborhood greenways work in other parts of town like speed bumps, 20 mph speed limits, stop sign priority for bike riders, diverters, and crossing treatments, the problem with these streets is that they simply have too many people driving on them.

National guidelines for bicycle boulevards (another name for neighborhood greenways) say they should have 1,500 cars per day or less. According to PBOT’s report, all of the northwest Portland greenways have over 1,000 cars per day and more than two-thirds of them have over 1,500 cars per day. Greenways in every other quadrant have much lower auto volumes.

A lack of traffic diverters on northwest’s bike streets is likely to blame for the auto overuse. The only piece of traffic calming infrastructure in northwest’s entire neighborhood greenway network is at 10th and Marshall where PBOT installed a median and contraflow bike lane in 2012.

NW Portland Week day 2-9.jpg

The diverter at Marshall and 10th

To be fair to PBOT, back in the ’90s they didn’t have the understanding and data to analyze neighborhood greenways that they do now. Reza Farhoodi, a member of the PBOT Bicycle Advisory Committee and the co-chair of the Pearl District Neighborhood Association’s Planning and Transportation Committee says back then the city didn’t put much thought into where streets for cycling should go. “[They chose] whatever connected through. They didn’t put a whole lot of consideration into what the volumes and speeds would be.”

Thankfully things are changing. In the past year PBOT has made big strides in their neighborhood greenway program. After activists clamored for more diversion on inner SE Clinton Street PBOT responded with the assessment report and followed that up with significant infrastructure upgrades. The same future might be coming for northwest, but it won’t come easily.

The opportunities and challenges

NW Portland Week day 2-36.jpg

The always busy crossing of NW Johnson at 14th.

While northwest’s bike streets have huge biking upside, they also pose unique challenges.

NW Overton, the street many of our readers say is their preferred east-west route, is as an emergency response route. This means it’s unlikely PBOT will be able to add calming features like speed bumps or diverters. Because of that limitation, there’s momentum among neighborhood advocates and PBOT staff to move the greenway designation from Overton to Pettygrove.

Local resident and author of the Next Portland blog Iain Mackenzie said Pettygrove would be a natural fit for bikes because it has specific design standards that mandate wider sidewalks, less parking, larger trees, and so on. But this could take time because inner Pettygrove is awash in new development right now. “The sections that are complete are really pleasant,” Mackenzie says, “but the piecemeal nature of its development means it wont be finished for a few years.”

NW Portland Week day 2-26.jpg

View looking west on Pettygrove at 11th.
NW Portland Week day 2-29.jpg

Note this nice sidewalk and stormwater feature on Pettygrove.

Another issue in northwest is the lack of north-south bikeways. Of the six greenways on the city map today just one of them — NW 24th — runs north-south. Farhoodi, the neighborhood activist, says NW 9th should become a neighborhood greenway to provide a “backbone” for the existing east-west streets. “You could connect Naito, Overton, Marshall, Lovejoy, Johnson, and Hoyt.” He’d like to see a two-way path or cycle track on the east side of 9th.

It remains to be seen whether a plan like Farhoodi’s or even more modest changes likely to come from PBOT would be embraced or opposed by northwest neighborhoods. PBOT relies heavily on neighborhood support and endorsements to implement greenway projects. And unlike in other parts of town, greenways in northwest will go through both residential and commercial areas — which could make consensus even harder.

The future

greenways-recommendations-pbot

Help is on the way.
(Taken from PBOT’s Neighborhood Greenway Assessment Report)

The big news is that the wheels of change for northwest’s greenways are rolling. In their assessment report PBOT included “NW Greenways” as part of six neighborhood greenways that are “in need of operational improvements” to meet their guidelines.

“We will take a holistic approach in Northwest to figure out the strongest neighborhood network that we can deliver. As you like to say, ‘stay tuned…’”
— Greg Raisman, PBOT neighborhood greenways program manager

PBOT’s neighborhood greenway program manager Greg Raisman told us this week that three of those six projects are already underway (Clinton, Ankeny and NE Tillamook-Hancock). “We expect to address the NW Greenways… in the future and are currently seeking funding for these projects.”

Northwest’s neighborhood greenways also might get a boost thanks to the Portland Planning and Sustainability Commission. Just yesterday the PSC voted to support a new “access and circulation study” for the Northwest District in the Transportation System Plan. That study will (among other things), “Consider street reconfigurations and improvements including pedestrian and bicycle safety and access, travel directions, travel lanes, traffic control, and transit mobility and circulation.”

If new plans make your eyes glaze over (I don’t blame you), consider this: PBOT has recently hired a new staffer specifically to deliver small capital improvement projects like the speed bumps, median islands, and diverters that make greenways tick. Her name is Sheila Parrot and she’s already working with neighborhoods in southeast Portland to upgrade SE Ankeny.

As to whether PBOT can deliver those type of infrastructure upgrades to its bike streets in northwest, here’s how Raisman responded when I asked him that question earlier this week. “These will all be important questions when we begin conversations with the neighborhoods. We will take a holistic approach in Northwest to figure out the strongest neighborhood network that we can deliver. As you like to say, ‘stay tuned…'”

— Jonathan Maus, (503) 706-8804 – jonathan@bikeportland.org

Our work is supported by subscribers. Please become one today. .

NOTE: We love your comments and work hard to ensure they are productive, considerate, and welcoming of all perspectives. Disagreements are encouraged, but only if done with tact and respect. If you see a mean or inappropriate comment, please contact us and we'll take a look at it right away. Thank you.

27 Comments
  • Anna April 13, 2016 at 2:30 pm

    For me personally car traffic is light enough on all the NW greenways (and most other streets) that I feel pretty comfortable, but the main problem I encounter as both a cyclist and pedestrian (who lives in NW) is what seems like incredibly low compliance of stop signs in the neighborhood, and that most drivers seem to be so fixated on looking for parking spaces that they don’t even bother to see the people around them.

    Recommended Thumb up 11

    • David Hampsten, now in Greensboro NC April 13, 2016 at 6:56 pm

      There have been experiments in the Netherlands that removed all traffic signs and street markings for neighborhood streets, including fairly busy ones. It tended to make all users doubly cautious. Do you think something like that would work in Uptown/NW?

      Recommended Thumb up 0

      • Anna April 13, 2016 at 7:30 pm

        Interesting idea for sure. I don’t think it would necessarily make things worse in the neighborhood, but it’s hard for me to imagine it would make things any better. I feel like drivers here (in most of the US in general) just aren’t used to looking out for pedestrians or cyclists. I haven’t been to the Netherlands yet but I went to Copenhagen last year and it was like a whole different world. Drivers seemed aware and respectful of cyclists and pedestrians, everyone seemed to be following all the traffic laws. I’d never seen anything like it!

        Recommended Thumb up 0

  • dachines April 13, 2016 at 2:31 pm

    While I have read several times about the, “low number of bicycles and overall ridership in the area” during this coverage of NW Portland, as well as several probable reasons and ideas as to why that it is, I have yet to see mention of what I believe is the most likely reason. I believe that the glaringly obvious reason for the “low number of bicycles and overall ridership in the area” is the simple fact of how walkable most of NW Portland is!

    Having had numerous friends who have lived in NW, they all invariably got around, predominantly, by walking. They’d walk in their neighborhood, they’d walk to work (typically in downtown, ie. SW Portland), they’d walk to shop and to eath, and they reserved both their bike and their car for getting to the either the east side or out of the city.

    Recommended Thumb up 9

    • David Hampsten, now in Greensboro NC April 13, 2016 at 7:11 pm

      The area also has excellent transit and not very much pass-through traffic, except cars on 405 and (slow) tourists on 23rd. Compared to inner SE & NE, there are not many cyclists passing through from elsewhere to get elsewhere, except to Forest Park or US30. From a biking perspective, NW is kinda isolated, its own unique environment.

      Recommended Thumb up 0

  • Adam H.
    Adam H. April 13, 2016 at 2:32 pm

    Don’t forget all the two-way stops that make it very difficult to cross streets or turn left. All intersections in NW should be made into four-way stops. And daylight all the intersections by banning parking at the corners.

    Recommended Thumb up 7

    • gutterbunnybikes April 13, 2016 at 4:03 pm

      All the west side (and inner east side to 12th or so) should have the corner parking by stop signs removed and replaced with a bicycle corral, provides bicycle parking for every block on every side of the street, better lines of sight for drivers and pedestrians, and keeps the bicycle racks from taking up sidewalk space.

      Should be the same for mid-block crosswalks as well.

      Recommended Thumb up 12

    • Mark April 14, 2016 at 8:45 am

      There’s actually a state law that prohibits parking within 20 feet of a crosswalk. The law doesn’t specify that it be a marked crosswalk, so that’s pretty much every intersection in town. It’s criminal that the city touts Vision Zero and won’t even enforce this law which would make the streets safer for all modes.

      Recommended Thumb up 2

      • Adam H.
        Adam H. April 14, 2016 at 9:30 am

        Yes, and the only reason this law is not enforced is because PBOT wants the extra parking.

        Recommended Thumb up 1

  • Ted Timmons (Contributor) April 13, 2016 at 2:36 pm

    9th is key to the whole thing. That’s what collects most of the bikey streets (Overton, Marshall) and connects them to Front/Naito, Broadway Bridge, and at least *towards* downtown itself.

    Marshall, Overton, Pettygrove? Meh, make a decision and do something to make it better. Which street they use doesn’t really matter.

    Recommended Thumb up 5

    • MaxD April 13, 2016 at 4:36 pm

      Agreed! 9th would be a major improbvement. put in traffic diverters/sharrows (greenway) or buffered bike lanes on either side of the street. I think the 2-way cycletracks on one side of a street are unpleasant and dangerous on a bike

      Recommended Thumb up 2

  • peejay April 13, 2016 at 2:47 pm

    It’s shocking that the “low hanging fruit” that greenways are supposed to be are this far behind. It’s also shocking that the EXTREMELY undemocratic process known as “community feedback”, but really should be called “platform for whiners” continues to have any legitimacy at all in this progressive city.

    And by shocking, I mean not surprising at all.

    Recommended Thumb up 9

    • Chris Smith April 13, 2016 at 6:21 pm

      FYI – yesterday the Planning and Sustainability Commission recommended a City Bikeway designation for NW 22nd as part of the TSP update.

      Recommended Thumb up 3

      • David Hampsten, now in Greensboro NC April 13, 2016 at 7:13 pm

        Chris, how might the PSC feel about making NW23rd car-free, as advocated by many on this site?

        Recommended Thumb up 0

        • Chris Smith April 13, 2016 at 7:20 pm

          I can’t recall any specific discussion of car-free streets during our Comp Plan or TSP discussions, but I would suggest that a number of Comp Plan policies would be supportive of some car-free streets, especially the pedestrian policies.

          Recommended Thumb up 0

  • Adam April 13, 2016 at 3:16 pm

    NW 22nd would be the PERFECT north south greenway. It’s a residential street running one block parallel to both 21st & 23rd.

    It’s a shame it currently has about a billion vehicles on it.

    A couple of diverters and boom!! There’s yr greenway!

    Recommended Thumb up 5

    • Mark April 14, 2016 at 8:47 am

      Part of the difficulty might be that the hospital’s main entrance is on 22nd.

      Recommended Thumb up 1

  • soren April 13, 2016 at 3:19 pm

    If you want to see NW Greenways improved then vote for the gas tax.

    Recommended Thumb up 6

    • maccoinnich April 13, 2016 at 5:58 pm

      The NW / SW 20th Greenway is one of the projects the gas tax would help fund.

      Recommended Thumb up 2

  • John Liu
    John Liu April 13, 2016 at 3:48 pm

    Absolutely vote for the gas tax, and it’s a shame that it isn’t 2X larger.

    Recommended Thumb up 3

  • David Hampsten, now in Greensboro NC April 13, 2016 at 6:48 pm

    Don’t feel so bad. At least you don’t have any of these (from the same PBOT site):

    SE Market-Mill-Main
    This Greenway will connect the previously constructed SE Mill project
    to the 130’s Neighborhood Greenway project (estimated completion,
    2015).
    More information coming soon.

    Last I checked, it was 2016 already. The less you expect, the less disappointed you’ll be when PBOT fails, again, to live up to basic expectations.

    Recommended Thumb up 2

  • rick April 13, 2016 at 7:15 pm

    The new public trails policy that Portland adopted could make a cyclecross-themed experience in NW Portland if the city got moving with the policy they adopted over four months ago.

    Recommended Thumb up 0

  • Joseph Edge April 13, 2016 at 8:20 pm

    If you’re interested in keeping NW Pettygrove as bike friendly as possible, you may want to submit comments to Hillary.Adam@portlandoregon.gov about the land use application “LU 16-100496 DZM MS – Block 290” which proposes to amend the Con-way Master Plan:

    2. Amend Map 06-01 to allow garage access from NW Pettygrove.

    Presently the Con-way Master Plan prevents garage access from the NW Pettygrove Green Street. It would be great to retain this restriction. Especially since this block along Pettygrove is supposed to hold a large pedestrian plaza with a new city park adjacent, also fronting on Pettygrove. Allowing garage access from NW Pettygrove Green Street (low traffic, ped-bike friendly, linking several parks together) next to a park and plaza really seems like an unwise decision that runs counter to this street’s intended purpose.

    The deadline for comments is May 2nd.

    Recommended Thumb up 5

    • Ted Timmons (Contributor) April 15, 2016 at 9:13 pm

      done! thanks. Looks like the hearing is on May19, and the variation is, to quote nextportland, “A Type III Masterplan amendment is currently pending to allow vehicular access to the underground garage from NW Pettygrove Street.”

      Nice to see it’s a proposed amendment, not a plan set in stone that we need to comment against.

      Recommended Thumb up 0

      • maccoinnich April 15, 2016 at 10:48 pm

        [Author of Next Portland here] regardless of any opinions about this project, it’s really frustrating that the Bureau of Development Services don’t publish drawings online until a week before the hearing. By the time the drawings are published the Staff Report and Recommendation to the Design Commission is already written, which really minimizes the opportunity for public involvement. To view the drawings in advance of that it is necessary to make an appointment, and go to 1900 SW 4th Ave during office hours. There is a huge and obvious equity issue there that should make the city ashamed.

        Recommended Thumb up 1

  • RushHourAlleycat April 14, 2016 at 12:03 pm

    You know the picture of the sidewalk with stormwater feature on pettygrove? I wish thrses curbs were taller all over town, I have seen more than one sight impaired citizen fall into them!

    Recommended Thumb up 0

  • Mark smith April 14, 2016 at 11:22 pm

    Side paths are bike paths. If the city doesn’t put in dedicated lanes, I just roll up to the safest place.

    Recommended Thumb up 0