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Albina Vision Trust adds voice to growing concerns over ODOT’s I-5 project with call for full EIS

Posted by on March 29th, 2019 at 10:01 pm

Rukaiyah Adams, Albina Vision Trust. (Photo: Jonathan Maus/BikePortland)

As the clock ticks ever closer to the end of the official comment period for the I-5 Rose Quarter project Environmental Assessment, another major voice of concern has been raised.

Today Albina Vision Trust Board Chair Rukaiyah Adams sent a letter (PDF) to the Oregon Department of Transportation and the Federal Highway Administration requesting a full Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Adams faults ODOT faulty freeway lid plans and says the agency has not gone far enough to assure the community that past injustices wrought by the construction of I-5 won’t be repeated this time around.

The letter was addressed to ODOT’s Major Projects Manager Megan Channell and FHWA Acting Environmental Manager Emily Cline.

Here’s the text of the letter:

Dear Ms. Channell and Ms. Cline,

On behalf of the Board of Directors of the Albina Vision Trust, thank you for the opportunity to comment on the draft Environmental Assessment (EA) regarding the proposed Rose Quarter Improvement Project. Please note that the neighborhood identified in the EA as the Rose Quarter is, in fact, lower Albina; thus we refer to it as such in this letter.

We understand that financial analysts, environmental advocates, engineers, educators, multi-modal transportation experts, transportation strategists and many community-based organizations have already commented on strategic and technical aspects of the Environmental Assessment-therefore, we will not repeat those comments. Instead, we hope to draw your attention to a few other issues that are not adequately addressed in either the Environmental Assessment or the related draft designs.

We have appreciated your willingness to engage in substantive discussions with us over the last several years. The Albina Vision Trust (AVT) supports a project in the Rose Quarter/Lower Albina that works best for the people who live in our community, not just the traffic on the highways transecting our home. With this in mind, we have concluded that the current Rose Quarter Improvement Project (RQIP) Environmental Assessment does not adequately address environmental impacts, including community, social and economic outcomes. Due to these deficiencies, AVT formally requests the Oregon Department of Transportation conduct a comprehensive Environmental Impact Statement to provide better design, remediation and mitigation alternatives. We provide the following support for our position.

Highway Covers Should Have Coherent Street-Level Design and Utility.

The EA states, “… this highway cover would provide additional surface area above l-5. The highway cover would provide an opportunity for public space and a new connection across l-5 for all modes of travel” (EA Section 2.2.2: Highway Covers, p. 9).

We agree.

However, we have two issues with the design and utility of the highway covers set out in the EA. First, un-programmed open space atop a freeway is a bad idea. The Albina Vision includes a large, public park and plazas nearby on the east bank of the Willamette River immediately west of the RQIP. Therefore, there is no need for small, unused spaces on top of l-5. Second, the current design does not optimize the street-level experience and safety for pedestrians and bicyclists. The configuration and geometry of the covers are designed for the freeway below rather than the grid of the city at the street-level. As currently conceived, the covers are an engineering and structural solution that ignores the connective urban streetscape and modern, open space principles. The resulting public space consist of odd remnants that are surrounded by swirling traffic and infrastructure. Without a role in the urban fabric that is clearly defined, these spaces are likely to be under-utilized.

The RQIP is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to build over the divisive, trenched highway and reconnect inner east Portland neighborhoods to the Willamette River. Let’s take the opportunity to fix the problem that was created when l-5 was originally constructed.

We have made this suggestion before to ODOT staff, and we make it again in this comment letter: AVT stands ready to work with ODOT and the FHA make appropriate revisions to the RQIP to achieve coherent street-level design and utility.

Buildable Highway Covers Are Necessary.

Buildable highway covers are necessary to restore the streetscape in lower Albina. The original construction of l-5 bulldozed hundreds of homes, and five decades later, nearly 90 acres of land remain under-developed in the central city. The original homes in lower Albina were never replaced. The impact on the Albina community, its neighborhood centers, its churches and schools, was never mitigated. Buildable highway covers are a critical environmental remediation for the proposed RQIP of today and the original l-5 construction of the 1950s.

The structure of the caps as currently designed, with a 300 pound-per-square-foot live load capacity, is sufficient to carry two-story buildings. With design adjustments, the caps have the potential to carry much more. AVT would support a RQIP with highway covers engineered to be capable of bearing 6 story buildings that could be used for affordable residential and commercial spaces to ease the transition between lower Albina and the Lloyd Commercial District immediately to the east of the RQIP.

We have made this suggestion before, and we make it again in this comment letter: AVT stands ready to work with ODOT and the FHA to make the appropriate revisions to the RQIP to enable multistory construction on the highway covers.

Place, History and Social Justice Matter: We Want ODOT and the FHA to Fix the Inadequate Environmental Assessment of Both the Original l-5 Construction and the Proposed RQIP.

The EA refers frequently to environmental injustice, gentrification, the displacement of the historic African-American community and the general history of lower Albina and the Rose Quarter, specifically with regard to the original construction of l-5. There is no debate-the placement and original construction of l-5 contributed to the complete destruction of the community that called lower Albina home. While we appreciate the sober retelling of that awful history, the recitation of the devastating impact on what was a largely African-American community is not remediation.

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The EA summarizes outreach efforts, particularly in African-American communities. It certainly helps to engage with the communities most affected by large infrastructure projects, especially folks who will live with the RQIP. BUT outreach is also not remediation.

The EA gives lip service to the cumulative impacts of the original construction of l-5 and the RQIP, particularly for the historic African-American community of lower Albina. However, much like historical recitation and outreach, the mere recitation of cumulative impact is not remediation.

The EA touches on the adverse socioeconomic consequence of the original l-5 trench as an east-west barrier in lower Albina. However, ODOT punts on taking responsibility for this environmental impact by stating that the subsequent RQIP would not “meaningfully alter the cumulative socioeconomic effects of past, present and reasonably foreseeable future actions” (Section 3.13: Socioeconomics, p. 63). ODOT is merely acquiescing in the harsh consequences of building an interstate highway through a community in the first place. ODOT offers the prospect of relatively short-term construction opportunities in the RQIP as a mitigating strategy. Contracting with qualified and diverse partners is routine business, not remediation. Furthermore, we estimate that the resulting loss of wealth transfer by former residents of lower Albina due to the original construction of 1.5 was in the hundreds of millions of dollars. ODOT fails to adequately address the socioeconomic impacts of the original l-5 construction and proposed RQIP. Passing consideration of this staggering loss of wealth, with a paper promise of SMBE contracting, is not remediation.

Only remediation is remediation.

It is not enough to listen to community concerns and document them. You need to take action that responds to what you heard, We understand that ODOT cannot completely undo the environmental impacts of the original l-5 construction; however, AVT believes the current RQIP is an opportunity to take a different approach.

It has been explained that ODOT’s work is preliminary, pending urban design this spring. We are asked to trust that the highway covers and the environmental remediation will be modified in ways that will be acceptable. But there is no basis for trust, certainly not from the historic community that called lower Albina home. It would be more reassuring to see a robust environmental impact evaluation, improved design evaluation and greater clarity about utility and purpose for the RQIP in this phase of work.

It is AVT’s position that the RQIP EA does not adequately address environmental impacts, including community, social and economic outcomes. Due to these deficiencies, the AVT is formally requesting ODOT conduct a full Environmental Impact Statement (ElS), which is more comprehensive than the current EA to provide a better design, remediation and mitigation alternatives. Our request for an EIS is not a veiled delay tactic. On the contrary, we believe that a properly designed RQIP with full consideration of the issues raised in this letter and in our previous discussions with OOOT will lead to a better project and earn broader endorsement and community support.

We appreciate the many years of work that have gone into this project and the careful consideration ODOT has given to facilitate traffic movement. We would like to continue the dialogue before you move to the next phase of the project. Thank you for considering our comments.

We’ve been watching Adams’ stance on this project closely as her opinion carries significant weight — not just in Portland but around the state. She’s the Chief Investment Officer of Meyer Memorial Trust and a well-respected leader on social and racial justice issues. Her Albina Vision plan is broadly popular and many consider it the best chance we’ve ever had at redeveloping the Rose Quarter.

This has to be considered a significant blow to ODOT and their plans to get through the EA process unscathed. It also comes as a number of other groups line up to demand that the agency take greater time and care to address significant deficiencies in their analysis of impacts thus far.

The public comment period ends at 5:00 pm this Monday, April 1st.

— Jonathan Maus: (503) 706-8804, @jonathan_maus on Twitter and jonathan@bikeportland.org

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NOTE: We love your comments and work hard to ensure they are productive, considerate, and welcoming of all perspectives. Disagreements are encouraged, but only if done with tact and respect. If you see a mean or inappropriate comment, please contact us and we'll take a look at it right away. Also, if you comment frequently, please consider holding your thoughts so that others can step forward. Thank you — Jonathan

15 Comments
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    Roberta M Robless March 29, 2019 at 10:35 pm

    Blown away by how awesome this reply is. Remediation is remediation. perhaps congestion pricing should be remediation?

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    PDXCyclist March 29, 2019 at 10:45 pm

    Hell yes!

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    Eric Leifsdad March 29, 2019 at 11:40 pm

    What is adequate remediation for that giant X, the DOT having crossed-out your neighborhood with highways?

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      SD March 30, 2019 at 10:26 am

      Brilliant! The money from congestion pricing should go to rebuilding the neighborhoods destroyed by I-5, i.e. tearing out I-5.

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    Todd Boulanger March 30, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    This should be a “watershed” point in how ODoT scopes and addresses community concerns (per past ‘wrongs’ and future hopes). A very lucid call to action by AVT and ODoT/ FHA should be “thankful” that it is not a simple “NO” from AVT.

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    Todd Boulanger March 30, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    It is very intriguing …from an urbanist perspective…that AVT is proposing that ODoT/ FHA add density to the proposed lids to recreate the urbane fabric of the past “levelled”neighbourhoods. I agree with such a call versus another DoT project creating wasted unprogrammed dead zones. This could be an interesting strategy…urban land reclaiming assuming that vehicle exhaust issues (from the highway underneath) will either be mitigated in the near term by the design of the lid or the electrification of freight and SOV trend will minimize it by shifting emissions from mobile non-point sources to a managed regional point source (or ‘salmon power’).

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      mh April 1, 2019 at 10:32 am

      Insist on ODOT planning, installing and maintaining an adequate air filtration system for the fully-capped freeway, if the cap is buildable. No tall vent stacks spewing all the pollution into the rebuilt neighborhood.

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    q March 30, 2019 at 9:21 pm

    Remember that I-5 wasn’t the only destructive thing ODOT has done to N/NE Portland. In the 70s, ODOT redesigned NE Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. with the sole goal of moving more vehicles through the neighborhood, serving people passing through from either end–commuters, freight, etc.–at the expense of people living there. The median was put in, parking was removed, turns blocked…The street’s viability as the main street for N/NE Portland and its significantly African-American population was destroyed. By the early 90s, many of MLK’s businesses were gone, with ODOT’s carnage being a major factor. But those impacts were irrelevant to ODOT.

    I was involved in a project several years ago to undo some of that damage. Until Governor Kitzhaber stepped in to help us, ODOT was THE major obstacle we faced.

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      Mike Quigley March 31, 2019 at 6:00 am

      Argument, common sense, and reason will have little impact on ODOT, etc. Stories like this may. What’s your personal highway expansion horror story?

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        nuovorecord April 1, 2019 at 9:37 am

        Stories like this, combined with a lawsuit or two.

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      Todd Boulanger April 1, 2019 at 1:19 pm

      Good point about MLK (Union Ave.) redesign the 70s. As a transportation design professional, I would hope that others use the simple metric: if an arterial makes the user (i.e. road facility consumer) feel ill at ease and unsafe when they drive, park, bike, walk, etc. along it…then its an epic fail. MLK and Hawthorne easily come to mind for Portland.

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        Todd Boulanger April 2, 2019 at 12:41 pm

        And as part of a future EIS [and mitigations] ODoT should be required to install a network of air quality (and facility runoff water quality) sensors …along with a program of monitoring and public reporting the findings.

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    Aaron Brown March 31, 2019 at 12:56 am

    Thank you, Rukaiyah and team Albina Vision Trust!

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    Scott Kocher March 31, 2019 at 11:32 am

    We’re fortunate to have Rukaiyah Adams dedicating her talents and attention to this issue.

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    Ron Swaren April 2, 2019 at 4:51 pm

    I guess this is how public works projects spiral out of control.

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