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Guest post: Candidly, TriMet (part one)

Posted by on March 21st, 2018 at 2:31 pm

This two-part article is by Aaron Brown, founder of No More Freeways PDX and former board president of Oregon Walks.

TriMet has appointed Doug Kelsey as their new General Manager. Neil McFarlane stepped down last month, after serving in the top role for the Portland region’s transit agency for nearly a decade. A few weeks ago, The Oregonian conducted an exit interview with McFarlane. His comments are instructive and they help illuminate the disconnect between our region’s bold aspirations for twenty-first century infrastructure and the governing agencies that appear too hamstrung by ineffective transparency and accountability measures to provide the services our region wants.

His comments about a certain freeway project caught my eye:

Q: Last year, you spoke in support of several highway expansion projects as part of a proposed TriMet ballot measure. Do you think those projects are a good idea in the absence of a transit project, or a political necessity to get the transit project through?

A: I talked about them as a basket, but I do think those are good projects. TriMet has always advanced sort of a multimodal agenda and recognized that we’re part of the solution, not the only solution.

Candidly, I sometimes still don’t get some of the objection to a project like Rose Quarter. [A $450 million proposal would add auxiliary lanes and shoulders to Interstate 5 through the Rose Quarter.] We’re essentially widening a pinch point to be reasonable in terms of the ons and offs, and movements from one freeway to another.

We expect that the top brass at TriMet at least possess passing familiarity with our coalition’s opposition to this mega-project. We’ve rehashed our talking points to anyone who will listen, and will likely do so for years to come until the region’s leaders come to their senses.

Instead, we’ll speak, you know, candidly, about the absurdity of TriMet’s willingness to be an accomplice to this boondoggle, and what it says about the agency’s current priorities and understanding of our region’s forthcoming mobility challenges.

Candidly, the reallocation of billions of taxpayer subsidies into transportation investments that serve our communities better than freeways is nothing short of imperative for the success of our region’s myriad public health, climate, housing, congestion relief and anti-poverty initiatives. Any transportation investment that doesn’t start with the explicit intention to chip away at automobile use as the primary method to access jobs, education, and shopping has significant consequences for a planet with literal melting ice caps, a region with worsening congestion, and a city ostensibly committed to equity. Perpetuating the continued necessity of automobile ownership is especially unhelpful to the growing number of people in our region who are unable to own or operate a car due to age, (dis)ability, citizenship, or cost. With our changing (and aging) demographics, the number of Oregonians in these categories will only increase (to say nothing about waning consumer preference or the rise of autonomous vehicles).

Why does this matter? Well, candidly, TriMet’s general “¯\_(ツ)_/¯” stance about ODOT’s continued push for this outdated infrastructure is all the more baffling because it’s TriMet’s employees, customers, and the agency itself who stand to benefit the most from any removal of this antiquated, vestigial subsidy.

Every dollar our region wrestles away from ODOT’s freeway expansion plans is a dollar we can spend on infrastructure that addresses these anti-poverty, climate and public health initiatives. Whether spent on mammoth undertakings like a downtown light rail tunnel or on humble, smaller investments like bus-priority intersections or curb cuts, this paradigm shift makes TriMet that much more alluring as an option for Oregonians’ daily errands. $450 million represents a cost of over 7 times Portland’s 2016 municipal gas tax, nearly twice the affordable housing bond, nearly 1,000,000 curb cuts and 100,000 pedestrian signals or approximately $430 for every Oregon family of four. TriMet expects to make $120 million off of farebox revenue in 2017; the funds for this freeway expansion could fund free passes for TriMet’s current riders for almost four years. An agency that championed its ridership and stated role as a literal and metaphorical regional connector should advocate for more thorough skepticism of ODOT’s needlessly counterproductive freeway expansion boondoggles that both explicitly and implicitly hinder TriMet’s capacity to serve their customers.

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(Photo: J. Maus/BikePortland)

For one example, TriMet should be loudly championing not only the institution of congestion pricing on freeways, but specific language in policy dictating that revenue raised from pricing is redirected into funding complementary to C-TRAN and TriMet service. Forget the logistical, justice-based and environmental reasons for funneling this revenue into increased people-moving capacity; it’s in TriMet’s own interest to clamor for a bigger slice of the pie, as an agency supposedly aiming to deliver service to more of its constituents as a competitive, enjoyable, reliable transportation option.

And to preempt a familiar retort, the “colors of money” argument that implies TriMet’s hands are tied by fiscal stipulations on congestion pricing revenue is a bit disingenuous. As ATU’s [TriMet’s union] Andrew Riley pointed out last year, TriMet is remarkably capable at maneuvering fiscal limitations for the agency’s priorities in what Riley asserts is the “elaborate shell game” of their budget.

Nothing but a lack of political leadership is preventing TriMet as an agency from being a more outspoken civic leader for reform of institutions like the Oregon Highway Trust fund. These reforms would help unlock more money for buses for East Portland instead of freeway lanes for Clark County’s exurban sprawl.

Given this perspective, TriMet’s riders should wonder just whose interests are served by this expansion. The senior citizen in Gresham, the single parent in Aloha, the new family in Kenton, the wheelchair-using teenager in the Jade District, the PCC student cursing under her breath waiting for a connection to the Sylvania campus – they’re all already mobility-limited and cash-strapped, and it’s difficult to imagine a transportation project more irrelevant to their needs than a half-billion dollar freeway expansion that won’t make their commutes any faster, more reliable, or safer.

These are Oregonians who would benefit tremendously from TriMet flexing some muscle and more deliberately interrogating the agency’s historic alignment with the twentieth-century freeway builders over the twenty-first century affordable housing, climate, youth, senior citizens, YIMBY, disability, immigrant, biking, walking, traffic safety advocates working in concert for a bolder, greener, more prosperous vision for our transportation in communities.

Transit use is stagnant in Portland right now.
(Graphic: PBOT Enhanced Transit Corridor plan)

Candidly, the fact that TriMet is supporting freeway expansion instead of aligning itself with its constituents offers a window into the political and governing calculus that might explain why the agency is witnessing flatlining ridership despite a burgeoning economy, worsening congestion, and a population eager to take more transit. That McFarlane characterizes support of freeway expansion as part of a regional “balanced solution” is like me stating my diet of hamburgers, ice cream and the occasional salad is a balanced diet. I shouldn’t get much credit just for kale if I’m serious about eating healthier, and Oregon’s governing agencies shouldn’t get credit for a package of investments that collectively fail to prepare us for demographic, climate, and economic upheavals coming our way. In this extended metaphor, I’m frustrated TriMet don’t see the moral, economic and governing imperative to speak up a little louder about the importance and wisdom of this region eating more greens.

What can be done about TriMet’s support of the budget? Stay tuned; part two of this series will look at the political and structural opportunities advocates see in the next few weeks, months, and years to encourage TriMet to better serve the Portland region. –> UPDATE: Here’s part two.

— Aaron Brown, @ambrown on Twitter

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David Hampsten
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Aaron, if you haven’t done so already, you need to go to a national transit convention. Many of the transit operators believe that AV will doom the present form of transit that involves just buses and trains, as opposed to the broader definition of transit which also includes bicycles, walking, cars, anything that moves people. You may not believe in it, BP readers might not believe in it either, but many of the transit operators do believe in it and are convincing elected officials of a future based upon AV, who are happy to be convinced because they are car drivers themselves and want that extra capacity that AV seems to promise for them. It may be a false promise based upon a lot of fallacies, but that hasn’t stopped people from believing even stranger things.

Middle of the Road Guy
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Middle of the Road Guy

It’s good to see that the number of people who drive alone dropped also 🙂

Jim Lee
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Jim Lee

Head of ODOT is appointed at the state level.

Head of TriMet is appointed at the state level.

Any doubt why they are on the same page?

Shoupian
Subscriber
Shoupian

A major part of the problem is that many transit agencies are led by an executive official who mostly pays no attention to and has deep misconceptions about planning/operations issues. Because of this, staff, uncertain what agency priorities are, simply work to preserve the status quo.

The candidly misguided approach to transit and transportation investment characterized TriMet’s top leadership has also reached down to the planning staff. Some planners at TriMet have the ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ attitude and don’t see what the big deal is. Some see the freeway as a necessary compromise to get transit funding, an inevitable political reality. But at the end of the day, running buses and trains is a mean and not an end. The ultimate goal of a transit agency ought to be providing equitable access and mobility to every person regardless of their age, income, and physical ability. Freeway expansion projects go directly against that goal.

Tim Shaw
Guest
Tim Shaw

Trimet purpose is to transport pedestrian and only pedestrian. Oregon needs to widen freeway in the PDX AREA for commercial transportation since it is funded by fuel tax dollars. So let’s be fair to everyone using Oregon freeways in the PDX area.
Why is ODOT always on the back burner when it comes to improvement and maintaining proper traffic flow on Oregon highways which has, been and currently paid for? Does somebody needs to get fired or what? What’s is the problem?????

Ed
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Ed

Follow the money and where decisions are made. A bunch of white dudes with white hair from the suburbs teaming up with ODOT/TriMet at JPACT.

Mark smith
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Mark smith

This is the same agency that could have, for free built bicycle and people freeways along most of their lines for pennies. But they didn’t. It’s no surprise they bow down to the almighty car. Portland crush hour traffic is never going away as long as it’s free to drive during crush hour.

Buzz
Guest
Buzz

Absolutely spot-on; to extend your rationale, I think the reasons bike ridership has flatlined are similar to what you describe for transit but a bit more complicated by the fact that PBOT continues to tout and build projects that purport to support cyclists while spending taxpayer money to little effect because these projects are largely irrelevant and/or over-engineered, unsafe, or unpleasant for cyclists to use. It is completely unclear to me at this point what ‘new’ cyclist demographic PBOT is attempting to attract, or how they make their route and design decisions, because what they’ve come up with recently has all been pretty dismal, despite the PR from PBOT, the City and this web site.

chris m
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chris m

The city of Portland is less than half of TriMet’s jurisdiction, and the people in Washington and Clackamas county pay the district taxes too, even though they almost all drive. You either have to tolerate a fairly moderate approach to cars from the transit governing body or do without the revenue from the suburban areas that don’t use transit as much. This is certainly not an easy trade off (especially since it means a large amount of money is spent of seldom used suburbanized routes like WES and far-flung MAX segments), but it is sort of the cost that’s paid to bring the ‘burbs into the fold.

rick
Guest
rick

lame

Eric Leifsdad
Guest
Eric Leifsdad

Counting work-from-home in the mode split for transportation doesn’t make sense. Transit share is actually 12.5,12.9,13% if you remove the work-from-home “commutes”. It needs to grow more, sure.

John Mulvey
Guest
John Mulvey

Bringing Tri-Met under the control of the locally-elected Metro Board is long overdue.

Politically, I’m not hopeful that the Metro Councilors will ever act on this –but the community could make it happen by initiative.

Who’s ready?