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Metro study gives cities a roadmap to adopt state-owned ‘orphan highways’

Posted by on September 17th, 2020 at 1:58 pm

People voiced concerns about ODOT’s stewardship of SE Powell Blvd at a protest in 2015.
(Photo: Jonathan Maus/BikePortland)

A long-held aspiration of many local transportation planners and advocates has taken a big step forward.

On Tuesday Metro opened a comment period for their draft Regional Framework for Highway Jurisdictional Transfer Study. The study identified a list of 11 state-owned highways that are primed for new management because they’ve been neglected by their current boss — the Oregon Department of Transportation.

The 11 ODOT highway corridors Metro thinks are primed for transfer to city and county agencies.
(Map: Metro)

These highways — which function more like urban arterials — are relics of a pre-interstate era. They were built to get produce and other items from farms into the central city. When the big, shiny, new freeways were built in the 1950s through 1970s, ODOT walked away from them. They became what are known as “orphan highways” and a cycle of neglect began. As cities and neighborhoods have grown up around them, these highways have fallen out of favor and aren’t prioritized for federal and state funding. In recent decades a wide chasm has formed between the priorities of ODOT, the tragic outcomes of their car-centric street designs, and the daily needs of people who live in communities adjacent to them.

Transferring urban arterials to local jurisdictions would save many lives and allow cities and counties to create healthier streets and neighborhoods.

Below is the list of 11 corridor segments Metro says, “showed the strongest characteristics for potential jurisdictional transfer based on an assessment of technical, readiness and equity considerations”:

1. Powell Boulevard (U.S. 26): MP 0.2 – 10.0

2. Barbur Boulevard (OR 99W): MP 1.2 – 7.6

3. SE/NE 82nd Avenue (OR 213): MP -0.1 – 7.2

4. Tualatin Valley Highway (OR 8): MP 2.9 – 5.9

5. Pacific Highway W (OR 99W): MP 7.6 -11.5

6. Tualatin Valley Highway (OR 8): MP 5.9 – 17.9

7. Pacific Highway W (OR 99W): MP 11.5 – 14.5

8. Farmington Road (OR 10): MP 5.9 – 7.3

9. SW Hall Boulevard (OR 141): MP 2.6 – 7.1 and
MP 7.7 – 8.9

10. SE McLoughlin Boulevard (OR 99E): MP 5.7 – 6.7

11. Willamette Drive (OR 43): MP 8.0 – 11.5

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In my years covering this beat I’ve yet to hear anyone who’s against jurisdictional transfer. Even ODOT is eager for it to happen! In 2015 the Governor’s Transportation Vision Panel (which greatly influenced the HB 2017 statewide transportation package) recommended that ODOT form and fund a jurisdictional transfer pilot program. They singled out Powell, 82nd, and Barbur as excellent transfer candidates — all of which are on Metro’s list. State legislators took heed in 2017 and allocated $110 million (starting in 2022) to transfer Southeast Powell Boulevard from ODOT to PBOT.

As the Powell example illustrates, cost is the biggest obstacle to these transfers because local jurisdictions want the road must be brought up to their current standards before making the swap. And there’s all the red tape and technical analysis. That’s where this report comes in. Metro has done a bunch of important leg-work to get these transfers closer to being shovel-ready.

But before you get too excited about what it would mean if, let’s say, the (much more progressive than ODOT) Portland Bureau of Transportation was able to do whatever they please on Barbur or 82nd, keep in mind that this report won’t lead directly to any transfers. If and when they happen, it’ll take just the right mix of political will and funding.

Now is the time to learn about this process and tell Metro what you think about it. The comment period is open until October 22nd.

Here are the links you need:
Metro jurisdictional transfer report page
Regional Framework for Highway Jurisdictional Transfer Study (PDF)
Online survey to share feedback
Governor’s Transportation Vision Panel jurisdictional transfer overview (PDF)

— Jonathan Maus: (503) 706-8804, @jonathan_maus on Twitter and jonathan@bikeportland.org
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Todd/Boulanger
Guest

WOW! Thank you METRO for doing this boring but important work!

Tina Ricks (Guest Author)
Guest
Tina in the Burbs

I would love to see TV Highway and Farmington Road transferred to Beaverton, Washington County, and/or Hillsboro. The City of Beaverton is doing some really forward-thinking things with transit, trying to transform the city center into something walkable/livable, and they have two ODOT highways going right through that they have no control over. This would be a terrific change for these highways. I’m less familiar on the ground with the other locations around metro Portland, but I’m sure the issues are similar. I know this won’t happen overnight, but sooner is better.

mh
Subscriber

Both TV Hwy (#s 4 & 6) and Pacific Hwy W (#s 5 & 7) are repeated in the list of 11. What two are not shown?

cmh89
Guest
cmh89

Haha of course no Lombard. Sure, it’s just a massive scar that disrupts all forms of non-car traffic in a massive community, but no one from Metro lives up here.

Mark Ginsberg
Guest
Mark Ginsberg

Most of these are ‘curb to curb’, meaning the sidewalk is already city owned (like SE Powell), but the roadway is state owned!

igor
Guest
igor

Hall Boulevard! Yes please! It has a bike lane already, but the speed limit is high given the number of driveways and side streets, and the bike lanes disappear periodically when Hall goes over 217, forcing cyclists to merge with fast traffic.

Phil Richman
Subscriber

Not mentioned is about 1/4 of the list will be “resolved” if (IF?) voters approve Metro’s Transportation Measure on the ballot in November as it funds SW Corridor light rail and the associated “improvements”.

qqq
Guest
qqq

I’d like to see even more transfers. ODOT’s priorities for their roads (maximizing speed and volume of vehicles moved through) are so out of line with what a successful urban city needs them to be.

Douglas Kelso
Guest
Douglas Kelso

If Powell was transferred, does that mean Metro (or the City of Portland, or Multnomah County) would get the Ross Island Bridge?

Jonathan K
Guest
Jonathan K

Hopefully they expedite light rail on Powell. Unlike Barbur, that’s a corridor where it really makes sense.

ChadwickF
Guest
ChadwickF

I love this post and photo from VintagePortland depicting mothers on Powell protecting students from traffic in 1950. Seems like we as citizens of this city have wanted Powell to be better for at least a few(70) years now. Anyhow, this is good news, I hope we can get some of these urban highways transferred one day.

href=”https://vintageportland.wordpress.com/2015/03/03/se-powell-blvd-circa-1950/”>

David Hampsten
Guest
David Hampsten

ODOT definition of an orphan highway:
4.2 Orphan Highways
“Orphan highways” are district and regional state highways that are owned by ODOT, but functionally serve as city streets or county roads. This may be due to changes in surrounding land uses or the transportation network that result in longer-distance regional trips shifting to nearby interstates or other highways. While ODOT can transfer control of state highways to cities or counties, the roadways must first be brought to a state of good repair and meet current design standards. The cost to do so is a major hurdle to jurisdictional transfers.