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Old 01-07-2011, 06:42 PM
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vja4Him vja4Him is offline
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Default Should Cyclists Pay for Registration, Road Tax, Insurance ...

Should bicyclists have to pay for registration, insurance and road tax for their bicycles?
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Old 01-08-2011, 11:36 AM
Alan Alan is offline
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Default they already do.

Originally Posted by vja4Him View Post
Should bicyclists have to pay for registration, insurance and road tax for their bicycles?
What's your take on those, vja4Him?

Registration fees to make such a program self-supporting, along with general inconvenience and lack of benefit to the bike owner, are too high for many (most?) bicycle owners to participate voluntarily, and enforcement isn't practical. That's been the case with nearly all places that have tried such programs. San Jose is a recent example that stopped bike registration.

Home owner's insurance, and I think some renter's policies, cover liability for bicycle collisions. Damage due to bike crashes tends to be low, often below any insurance threshold. I don't see big societal problems of damage caused by bikes, as there are with uninsured motorists.

Most bicyclists (all people, really - bikers, drivers or other) already pay taxes for roads. On a wear-and-tear or per mile basis, bikes pay relatively even more.


On average, the gas tax paid for only 35% of this figure. This means that non-automobile-related taxes pay for about 40% of the total cost of the road network.

More sources about road funding follow in my next post in this thread.

Last edited by Alan; 12-18-2014 at 03:54 PM. Reason: linking to the rest of this list...
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Old 03-23-2011, 12:43 PM
Alan Alan is offline
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Default US Pirg: "Do Roads Pay For Themselves?"

Just filing another source in this thread, about how our roads are actually funded, for reference:

Do Roads Pay For Themselves? Setting the Record Straight on Transportation Funding

Executive Summary

Highways do not – and, except for brief periods in our nation’s history, never have – paid for themselves through the taxes that highway advocates label “user fees.” Yet highway advocates continue to suggest they do in an attempt to secure preferential access to scarce public resources and to shape how those resources are spent.
... highway “user fees” pay only about half the cost of building and maintaining the nation’s network of highways, roads and streets.
To make the right choices for America’s transportation future, the nation should take a smart approach to transportation investments, one that weighs the full costs and benefits of those investments and then allocates the costs of those investments fairly across society.
Full report is a PDF with extensive footnotes.

PS - as long as I'm making a list...

Why an additional road tax for bicyclists would be unfair
Elly Blue, 27 Sep 2010
Whose Roads
Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2004
In particular note Table 4 of Whose Roads (reformatted due to HTML constraints):
HTML Code:
Two neighbors each pay $300 annually in local taxes that fund roads and 
traffic services. Mike Motorist drives 10,000 miles annually on local roads, 
while Frances Footpower bicycles 3,000 miles. The table below compares 
the costs they impose with what they pay in taxes.

Table 4 Local Roadway Payments Versus Costs
						Mike 	Frances
A. Annual local mileage 			10,000 	3,000
B. Household’s general taxes used for 
   road related services. 			$300 	$300
C. Motorist user fees spent on local 
   road (0.2 per mile). 			$24 	$0
D. Total road system contribution (B + C) 	$324 	$300
E. Tax payment per mile of travel (B/A). 	3.2 	10
F. Roadway costs (cars = 5.6/ml, 
   bicycles = 0.2/ml) 				$560 	$48
	Net (D – F) 		      Underpays $236 	Overpays $252

Non-drivers pay almost the same as motorists for local roads but impose 
lower costs. As a result, they tend to overpay their share of roadway costs.

From BikePortland's front page, Editorial: GOP budget... :
http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/COMM/KeyFacts.shtml # ODOT's page on road funding

"On average, states raise 38% of their road funds from fuel taxes and 22% from vehicle
registration fees. Bonds make up 18% and the remaining 22% comes from other taxes and tolls."
Also breaks out by state the percentage of road funding based on fuel tax, and refers to several source docs such as:

I am sceptical of those numbers. Oregon vehicle registration is among the lowest nationally and its fuel taxes are just a bit above average, so how do those figures end up so much higher than the national average?

The UIOWA ICAN study cites http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohim/hs04/htm/sf1.htm as the source of that data. That FHWA DOT data says:

Oregon 2004

- MOTOR- FUEL TAXES 385,463 >>> 32.2%
TOTAL RECEIPTS 1,198,718 >>> 100%

So, 57% user fees and taxes means that 43% came from other, non-user fees and taxes in Oregon in 2004. That's a big gap from the UIOWA numbers.


http://publicola.com/2010/08/31/we-a...for-the-roads/ (redirects here)
"We All Pay For The Roads"
Josh Cohen, August 31, 2010
Seattle DoT (SDOT) numbers - gas tax is 4% of SDOT budget

Not specifically about taxes and fees, but worthy anyway...

"How Do People Choose a Travel Mode? Factors Associated with Routine Walking & Bicycling"
Robert Schneider, UC Berkeley, May 6, 2011


PBOT 2011/12 budget

Page 83 - Table 4: General Transportation Revenue Budget [mostly gas tax (61.6%) and parking (26.4%)]

Capital Improvement Program(CIP) is a smaller document starting on page 91 of the larger PDF. Page 107 of the large PDF (p. 16 of the CIP doc) has pie chart for CIP funding. General Transportation Revenue (GTR; gas tax, vehicle registration, parking and fines) makes up 38% of the pie, second largest after Grants & Contracts.

18 May 2011


Survey: 90 percent of avid Oregon bicyclists also own, drive cars
Friday, October 23, 2009
Joseph Rose, The Oregonian [Joe Rose]


Do motorists pay for the roads they use? No, says public interest group
Thursday, January 06, 2011
Joseph Rose, The Oregonian

http://www.heritage.org/Research/Rep...-a-USDOT-Study [http://tinyurl.com/26n6wy7]

Federal Transportation Programs Shortchange Motorists: Update of a USDOT Study
June 8, 2009
Wendell Cox and Ronald Utt, Ph.D.

Rebuttal by rawillis3 in Oregonian January 06, 2011 comments, above:

"that study talks only about federal subsidies, measured in terms of the expenditure allocations of fuel taxes. it does not directly address where every dollar that is spent on each mode of transportation ultimately comes from. even where it says 40 percent of the federal highway trust fund is spent on things other than road, it lists a bunch of stuff that relates fairly directly to road infrastructure maintenance, development, and planning."


27 May 2011

http://egov.oregon.gov/ODOT/DMV/fees/vehicle.shtml (Oregon vehicle registration fees; $86/2-year for cars, $48 motorcycles, $43 electric motorcycles)

2009 USDOT FHWA numbers:

http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinform...atistics/2009/ Highway Statistics 2009
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinform...s/2009/sdf.cfm Disposition of State Highway-User Revenues - 2009
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinform...s/2009/mf3.cfm Disposition of State Motor-Fuel Tax Receipts
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinform...cs/2009/df.cfm Disposition of Receipts From State Imposts on Highway Users
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinform...2009/lgf21.cfm Local Government Funding For Highways - Summary - 2008

...seems to show that local fund for road expenditures comes mostly from the general fund which everyone pays.


8 July 2011


"Using Federal Highway Administration data, Subsidyscope calculated that in 2007, user fees accounted for 51 percent of all road funding—a 10 percent decline over the previous decade and the lowest level since the creation of the Federal Highway Trust Fund in 1957."


18 August 2011

http://bikeportland.org/2008/12/10/w...licenses-11954 - bike licensing

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Last edited by Alan; 03-02-2013 at 09:24 PM. Reason: making a list...
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Old 03-23-2011, 01:19 PM
OnTheRoad OnTheRoad is offline
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How about a weight-mile tax for ALL vehicles?

Those that cause the most damage to roads (after studded tires are made illegal at the ballot box this year) would be the heaviest trucks.

The vehicles that cause us to have to resurface roads and fix potholes constantly would be dinged for their negative impacts.

If all the road users were bicyclers, think how long the roads would last – not only the surfaces, but the lane geometry – less widening of roads to accommodate increased traffic

Last edited by OnTheRoad; 03-23-2011 at 02:35 PM. Reason: chg. chains to studded tires
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Old 03-23-2011, 01:35 PM
Alan Alan is offline
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Originally Posted by OnTheRoad View Post
Those that cause the most damage to roads (after tire chains are made illegal at the ballot box this year) would be the heaviest trucks.
You mean chains or studded tires? I've not heard of doing away with chains, and they're only used as a temporary measure when there is actually snow and ice on the road.

If all the road users were bicyclers, think how long the roads would last not only the surfaces, but the lane geometry...
And road markings like bike lane stripes which routinely get worn away by cars cutting corners in this neck of the woods. Again, studs do way more damage in that regard than ordinary tires.
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Old 09-14-2011, 04:01 PM
Alan Alan is offline
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Default bibliography...

Originally Posted by Alan View Post
Just filing another source in this thread, about how our roads are actually funded, for reference:
Keeping this list going after I hit max buffer size on that old post.

14 September 2011

http://seattlelikesbikes.org/wordpress/?p=228 Cyclists must pay their “fair share?” cites the following:

1. http://subsidyscope.com/transportati...hways/funding/
2. http://www.txdot.gov/KeepTexasMoving...2006.html#Cost
3. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/gastax.cfm
4. http://www.columbian.com/news/2010/f...w-on-gas-fuel/
5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interstate_Highway_System
6. http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/projects/Viaduct
7. http://www.seattle.gov/transportatio...aintenance.htm
8. http://dor.wa.gov/Content/FindTaxesa...eductions.aspx
9. http://www.streetsblog.org/2009/09/1...ot-even-close/
10. http://www.dol.wa.gov/vehicleregistration/ftfacts.html
11. http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/publications...0/KeyFacts.pdf
12. http://www.stateline.org/live/detail...ontentId=89540
13. http://www.komonews.com/news/local/83561402.html
14. http://www.vtpi.org/tca/tca0506.pdf
15. http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Finance/budget/
16. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Fil...tes/gastax.pdf
17. http://www.api.org/statistics/fuelta...mary_pages.pdf

How Bikes Saved America’s Roads: A Historical Perspective
excerpt from: The King’s Best Highway: The Lost History of the Boston Post Road, the Route That Made America by Eric Jaffe

Feb 09 2012

Here's one for the motorists. He claims 22.0 cents per passenger mile in cars compared to 78 cents for buses. It's from 2007.

"Inflation, not bike sharing, is why the gas tax isn't enough" - September 7, 2011

"Analysis Finds Shifting Trends in Highway Funding: User Fees Make Up Decreasing Share" - November, 2009

Mar 01 2012

"...as a rule-of-thumb, the damage caused by a particular load is roughly related to the load by a power of four..."

- Pavement design guide

- How Suburban Sprawl Works Like a Ponzi Scheme, Kaid Benfield, Oct 04, 201

"Announcing Strong Towns, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization focused on the root of these systemic problems: our land use patterns—the way we have designed our towns and neighborhoods."

31 May 2012

http://www.toronto.ca/budget2005/pdf...censingcyc.PDF2005 BUDGET BRIEFING NOTE - Licensing Cyclists and/or Bicycles
• Bicycle licences are not effective in preventing bicycle theft;
• A cyclist operating licence is not required for police officers to enforce the existing traffic
• Developing a cyclist testing and licensing system would be expensive and divert attention
from enforcing the existing traffic rules for cyclists; and
• Providing more resources for cyclist education and training and increased police enforcement
would be a more cost-effective approach for improving safety.

Based on conservative assumptions, for every pound spent on cycling the Government benefits by three pounds. If the benefits are sustained over 30 years the benefit to cost ratio may be as high as five or six-to-one.
25 June 2012

http://thecaseforcycling.com/ "This site is a joint project of Portland Transport, the Bicycle Transportation Alliance, BikePortland, Portland Afoot and AROW and has been created to serve as a compendium of the best research and arguments supporting cycling as a positive force in urban livability, health and prosperity."

30 June 2012

http://bikestylespokane.com/2012/06/...ets-we-all-do/ "Who Really Pays for Streets? We All Do." Published June 18, 2012 by Barb Chamberlain. Excellent article on the topic with further references, e.g.:
http://financecommission.dot.gov/Doc...t_Mar09FNL.pdf -- “fuel taxes and other direct and indirect user fees currently account for less than 60 percent of total system revenue (federal, state, and local), so that users do not bear anywhere near the full costs of their travel”
http://www.city-journal.org/2012/22_...s-transit.html - Josh Barro - "Transit advocates aren’t incorrect when they grumble about road subsidies. But if they really want American mass transit to work better, they’re missing the key target. A much smarter approach would be three-pronged: reduce subsidies, allow looser urban zoning, and get transit costs down."

Drifting off topic but Good Stuff about how bike facilities work fine with commerce/business zones:

http://spacingvancouver.ca/2011/07/2...ed-bike-lanes/ - "Vancouver’s Hornby and Dunsmuir Separated Bike Lanes: Ridership Climbing, Business and Auto Impacts Negligible"

http://www.streetsblog.org/2011/08/1...ed-bike-lanes/ - "Study: Vancouver Merchants Badly Misjudge Effect of Protected Bike Lanes"
San Diego plans to remove bike licensing ordinance; links to Huntington, Los Angeles, San Jose, Long Beach and Santa Monica removing their bicycle license laws:

"While anyone can easily find in granular detail anything they would ever want to know about where bike/ped money goes, and they can get a pretty good idea of what’s going on with transit capital investments, highway spending is a black box — and that’s 80 percent of U.S. transportation dollars."

"Congress and Obama’s administration in June reached a two- year deal on roads and transit. Instead of raising the U.S. gasoline tax, the largest source of revenue for road, bridge and transit spending, the legislation used $18.8 billion in general taxpayer money, in addition to fuel taxes, to keep spending at current levels -- about $52 billion a year -- through fiscal 2014."

"The president hasn’t specified ways to pay for the plan. LaHood and the administration have opposed raising the 18.4 cents-a-gallon U.S. gasoline tax, which has been the main source for highway, bridge and transit expansions since the 1980s. The levy hasn’t been raised since 1993 and isn’t indexed for inflation."


"Since 1947, American highways have run up a deficit bigger than $600 billion, in 2005 dollars. "


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grep bait: road taxes, bike taxes

Last edited by Alan; 03-03-2013 at 08:53 AM.
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Old 09-15-2011, 09:41 AM
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Haven_kd7yct Haven_kd7yct is offline
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Alan, I really liked your rebuttal to the Columbian letter to the editor. I don't see how you can get it down to 200 words, it's all very good info!

I would suggest going for the meat-and-potatoes:

"Bicycle sales are taxed, just like car sales. Bikes don't pay license fees here, and most everywhere that has tried licensing bikes has found that any appropriate fees do not generate enough revenue to pay for the bureaucracy needed to administer and enforce the program. (For example, San Jose recently stopped licensing bikes, and there are many other examples of places where it hasn't worked.)

Moreover, automobile user fees (fuel tax, registration, tolls, etc.) cover only part of public road costs. For federally funded roads, about two-thirds of the cost is covered by user fees, the rest comes from general funds paid for by all tax payers. Car user fees cover an even smaller fraction of local roads, for example in Seattle, gas taxes pay for roughly four percent of road costs. Registration fees go to WSDOT for state roads, not cities, and again don't cover anywhere near the total road budget. So, we all pay for roads and those who don't drive or drive less (such as some who ride bikes more) end up effectively subsidizing those who drive more. "
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Old 09-15-2011, 11:35 AM
Alan Alan is offline
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Thanks, Haven, that's a really good condensation of what I wanted to say, and I might just crib it in the future. I didn't get my reply edited down in time but fortunately two other Columbian readers did respond eloquently a few days after that misinformed post:


Those both made the deadtree edition.
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Old 01-23-2013, 08:19 PM
Alan Alan is offline
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Default on and on and on and on...

Originally Posted by Alan View Post
Keeping this list going after I hit max buffer size on that old post.
Hit maximum post size again--10,000 characters I think it said. On I go!
23 January 2013


"A new report from the Tax Foundation shows 50.7 percent of America’s road spending comes from gas taxes, tolls, and other fees levied on drivers. The other 49.3 percent? Well, that comes from general tax dollars, just like education and health care."


"Nationwide in 2010, state and local governments raised $37 billion in motor fuel taxes and $12 billion in tolls and non-fuel taxes, but spent $155 billion on highways.[3] In other words, highway user taxes and fees made up just 32 percent of state and local expenses on roads. The rest was financed out of general revenues, including federal aid."

"[3] See U.S. Census Bureau, State and Local Government Finances by Level of Government and by State, 2009-10, http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/."
2 March 2013

About 38% of the $10 billion Washington State DOT budget comes from gas tax (25%), fees and registration (10%) and state ferry tolls (3%).

(13 May: WSDOT chart and URL have moved, the links were: URL="http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Finance/budget/BudgetPieCharts.htm", IMG "http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/NR/rdonlyres/9F0387AA-6990-4FC3-AD40-EB7ECB8E6337/0/TranspBudgetRevPiesJune2012Frcst.gif")

Besides supporting a $25 tax on new bike purchases to fund highways, Washington Rep. Ed Orcutt (R, Kalama) also says, "bicyclists are actually polluting when they ride." It's true, we due emit CO2 but it's much less than traveling the same distance in a car, about 21 g/Km biking, 271 g/Km by car.
3 March 2013

Vehicle Weight and Road Damage

by admin on December 2, 2009

Heavy trucks obviously cause more road damage than cars, but how much more? According to a GAO study, Excessive Truck Weight: An Expensive Burden We Can No Longer Afford, road damage from one 18-wheeler is equivalent to 9600 cars (p.23 of study, p.36 of PDF).

The study assumed a fully loaded tractor-trailer at 80,000 pounds, and a typical passenger car at 4,000 pounds. That’s 20 times difference in weight, but the wear and tear caused by the truck is exponentially greater.

Food for thought: a bicycle and rider at 200 pounds is the same 20 times less heavy than a 4000 pound passenger car. Similarly, the wear and tear caused by that bike and rider would be exponentially less than a passenger car’s.
"If it’s $1/year for a bike, it would be $9600/year for a car. The semi truck would pay $92,160,000. And that’s not even factoring in mileage..."
9 March 2013

http://www.portlandonline.com/index....383750&c=57785 - PBOT F.Y. 2012-13 Requested Budget. 216 page formal document (image, not text, format). Page 5 & 6 of the paper document, page 8 & 9 of the electronic (w/ pie chart) says: PBOT's FY 11-12 resources are summarized in Figure 1...Gas taxes and parking revenues provide the largest source, about 38% of the total...The remaining funding is provided by a variety of customers that purchase Bureau of Transportation services, such as other City bureaus, or is obtained by the Bureau of Transportation, often in the form of federal, state and local grants...

http://www.portlandoregon.gov/transp...article/421323 - PBOT Business Plan. Five slide presentation deck, notably with "Transportation resources and requirements" has graphs for those two "pies" breaking out revenue sources and commitments (35% of funding from gas taxes, fees and parking).

The Elephant in the Bedroom: Automobile Dependence & Denial : Impacts on the Economy and Environment by Stanley I. Hart and Alvin L. Spivak - Recommended by 'ws' in a thread on bike evangelism. I (Alan) have not read it, but it does remind me to throw in a quick reference to urbanist works by Simon Gideon, Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier (those for a historic 20thC note), Jane Jacobs, Kevin Lynch, Rob and Leon Krier, Colin Rowe, Robert Venturi, Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Richard Sennett's The Fall of Public Man, and those are just off the top of my head; I'll add more as I think of them.
18 March 2013


Transportation Affordability
Evaluation and Improvement Strategies
25 February 2013
Todd Litman
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
21 March 2013

What share of road spending in Oregon is covered by general taxes (as opposed to user fees)? (Answer: 64%)
13 May 2013

Who Should Pay for Transportation Infrastructure? What is Fair? by Todd Litman

"For both fairness and economic efficiency sake, roadway user fees, including fuel taxes, road tolls and parking fees should be raised to pay a greater share of road and parking facility costs. In this context, proposals to tax bicyclists are unfair and a distraction from a serious discussion of transportation finance."

22 July 2013

Chuck Mahron's Strong Town's blog: http://networkedblogs.com/Ni5hv
"Why Suburban Growth Is a Ponzi Scheme" from Streetfilms: http://vimeo.com/69602304
28 July 2013


Slightly off-topic of bikes paying for roads, this blogger sets out the proposition that biking is safe by using financial analysis including the bike rider's lifespan. He backs it all up with solid, sane references. While I found it a bit whacky in my initial reading, it does make sense and keeps coming back to me in other reflections. A couple quotes for flavor:
Riding a bike is not more dangerous than driving a car. In fact, it is much, much safer:

Under even the most pessimistic of assumptions:
Net effect of driving a car at 65mph for one hour: Dying 20 minutes sooner. (18 seconds of life lost per mile)
Net effect of riding a bike at 12mph for one hour: Living 2 hours and 36 minutes longer (about 13 minutes of life gained per mile)
Given these final adjustments to the data, I close the article with my own best estimates:

Biking vs. Driving

Driving a car at 70MPH for one hour:
20 minutes of lifespan erased
$35.00 per hour of money burned

Riding a bike at 12MPH for one hour:
4.5 hours of lifespan gained
$100 of monetary gains secured

On a Per-Mile Basis:
Car: Lose 50 cents and 18 seconds of life
Bike: Gain $8.33 and 1350 seconds of life
12 Nov 2013: Do bikes get a free ride? Advocates' infographic shows why not

"...we seem to be approaching a point at which local transportation funding will be forced to change, due to falling gasoline consumption and rising construction costs.

"As for the facts of the infographic, there are some wrinkles: In the City of Portland, unlike in many other cities, the local transportation budget comes almost entirely from auto-related fees. That's why our unusual success in reducing auto dependence over the last 17 years has been so rough on the city's street budget."
10 Dec 2013:

Mythbusting: Exposing Half-Truths That Support Automobile Dependency, by Todd Litman

Portland's 2030 bike plan would cost "$6 to $25 annually per capita, a small fraction of the approximately $665 per capita spent annually on roadways."
cont'd below...

grep bait: road taxes, bike taxes

Last edited by Alan; 02-05-2014 at 11:27 AM. Reason: piling it on
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Old 01-23-2013, 11:08 PM
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K'Tesh K'Tesh is offline
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Default Thanks for keeping this active...

I'm sorry I've been a bit too busy to post... lately. I've been quietly feeding Jonathan interesting story tidbits I find online. Due to my studies, and the distance involved in getting to and from school, my riding has been very limited of late. Hopefully I'll be able to change that after I graduate.
Riding my bike is MY pursuit of Happiness!!!
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