Originally Posted by Alan
Keeping this list going after I hit max buffer size on that old post.
Hit maximum post size again
--10,000 characters I think it said. On I go!
23 January 2013
"A new report from the Tax Foundation shows 50.7 percent of America’s road spending comes from gas taxes, tolls, and other fees levied on drivers. The other 49.3 percent? Well, that comes from general tax dollars, just like education and health care."
"Nationwide in 2010, state and local governments raised $37 billion in motor fuel taxes and $12 billion in tolls and non-fuel taxes, but spent $155 billion on highways. In other words, highway user taxes and fees made up just 32 percent of state and local expenses on roads. The rest was financed out of general revenues, including federal aid."
" See U.S. Census Bureau, State and Local Government Finances by Level of Government and by State, 2009-10, http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/
2 March 2013
About 38% of the $10 billion Washington State DOT budget comes from gas tax (25%), fees and registration (10%) and state ferry tolls (3%).
(13 May: WSDOT chart and URL have moved, the links were: URL="http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Finance/budget/BudgetPieCharts.htm", IMG "http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/NR/rdonlyres/9F0387AA-6990-4FC3-AD40-EB7ECB8E6337/0/TranspBudgetRevPiesJune2012Frcst.gif")
Besides supporting a $25 tax on new bike purchases
to fund highways, Washington Rep. Ed Orcutt (R, Kalama) also says, "bicyclists are actually polluting when they ride.
" It's true, we due emit CO2 but it's much less than traveling the same distance in a car
, about 21 g/Km biking, 271 g/Km by car.
3 March 2013
Vehicle Weight and Road Damage
by admin on December 2, 2009
Heavy trucks obviously cause more road damage than cars, but how much more? According to a GAO study, Excessive Truck Weight: An Expensive Burden We Can No Longer Afford, road damage from one 18-wheeler is equivalent to 9600 cars (p.23 of study, p.36 of PDF).
The study assumed a fully loaded tractor-trailer at 80,000 pounds, and a typical passenger car at 4,000 pounds. That’s 20 times difference in weight, but the wear and tear caused by the truck is exponentially greater.
Food for thought: a bicycle and rider at 200 pounds is the same 20 times less heavy than a 4000 pound passenger car. Similarly, the wear and tear caused by that bike and rider would be exponentially less than a passenger car’s.
"If it’s $1/year for a bike, it would be $9600/year for a car. The semi truck would pay $92,160,000. And that’s not even factoring in mileage
9 March 2013
- PBOT F.Y. 2012-13 Requested Budget. 216 page formal document (image, not text, format). Page 5 & 6 of the paper document, page 8 & 9 of the electronic (w/ pie chart) says: PBOT's FY 11-12 resources are summarized in Figure 1...Gas taxes and parking revenues provide the largest source, about 38% of the total...The remaining funding is provided by a variety of customers that purchase Bureau of Transportation services, such as other City bureaus, or is obtained by the Bureau of Transportation, often in the form of federal, state and local grants...
- PBOT Business Plan. Five slide presentation deck, notably with "Transportation resources and requirements" has graphs for those two "pies" breaking out revenue sources and commitments (35% of funding from gas taxes, fees and parking).
The Elephant in the Bedroom: Automobile Dependence & Denial : Impacts on the Economy and Environment
by Stanley I. Hart and Alvin L. Spivak - Recommended by 'ws' in a thread on bike evangelism
. I (Alan) have not read it, but it does remind me to throw in a quick reference to urbanist works by Simon Gideon, Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier (those for a historic 20thC note), Jane Jacobs, Kevin Lynch, Rob and Leon Krier, Colin Rowe, Robert Venturi, Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Richard Sennett's The Fall of Public Man
, and those are just off the top of my head; I'll add more as I think of them.
18 March 2013
Evaluation and Improvement Strategies
25 February 2013
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
21 March 2013
What share of road spending in Oregon is covered by general taxes (as opposed to user fees)? (Answer: 64%)
13 May 2013
Who Should Pay for Transportation Infrastructure? What is Fair?
by Todd Litman
"For both fairness and economic efficiency sake, roadway user fees, including fuel taxes, road tolls and parking fees should be raised to pay a greater share of road and parking facility costs. In this context, proposals to tax bicyclists are unfair and a distraction from a serious discussion of transportation finance."
22 July 2013
Chuck Mahron's Strong Town's blog: http://networkedblogs.com/Ni5hv
"Why Suburban Growth Is a Ponzi Scheme" from Streetfilms: http://vimeo.com/69602304
28 July 2013
Slightly off-topic of bikes paying for roads, this blogger sets out the proposition that biking is safe by using financial analysis including the bike rider's lifespan. He backs it all up with solid, sane references. While I found it a bit whacky in my initial reading, it does make sense and keeps coming back to me in other reflections. A couple quotes for flavor:
Riding a bike is not more dangerous than driving a car. In fact, it is much, much safer:
Under even the most pessimistic of assumptions:
Net effect of driving a car at 65mph for one hour: Dying 20 minutes sooner. (18 seconds of life lost per mile)
Net effect of riding a bike at 12mph for one hour: Living 2 hours and 36 minutes longer (about 13 minutes of life gained per mile)
Given these final adjustments to the data, I close the article with my own best estimates:
Biking vs. Driving
Driving a car at 70MPH for one hour:
20 minutes of lifespan erased
$35.00 per hour of money burned
Riding a bike at 12MPH for one hour:
4.5 hours of lifespan gained
$100 of monetary gains secured
On a Per-Mile Basis:
Car: Lose 50 cents and 18 seconds of life
Bike: Gain $8.33 and 1350 seconds of life
12 Nov 2013: Do bikes get a free ride? Advocates' infographic shows why not
"...we seem to be approaching a point at which local transportation funding will be forced to change, due to falling gasoline consumption
and rising construction costs
"As for the facts of the infographic, there are some wrinkles: In the City of Portland, unlike in many other cities, the local transportation budget comes almost entirely from auto-related fees
. That's why our unusual success in reducing auto dependence
over the last 17 years has been so rough on the city's street budget."
10 Dec 2013:
Mythbusting: Exposing Half-Truths That Support Automobile Dependency, by Todd Litman
Portland's 2030 bike plan would cost "$6 to $25 annually per capita, a small fraction of the approximately $665 per capita spent annually on roadways."
grep bait: road taxes, bike taxes