Just filing another source in this thread, about how our roads are actually funded, for reference:
Do Roads Pay For Themselves? Setting the Record Straight on Transportation Funding
Highways do not – and, except for brief periods in our nation’s history, never have – paid for themselves through the taxes that highway advocates label “user fees.” Yet highway advocates continue to suggest they do in an attempt to secure preferential access to scarce public resources and to shape how those resources are spent.
... highway “user fees” pay only about half the cost of building and maintaining the nation’s network of highways, roads and streets.
To make the right choices for America’s transportation future, the nation should take a smart approach to transportation investments, one that weighs the full costs and benefits of those investments and then allocates the costs of those investments fairly across society.
Full report is a PDF
with extensive footnotes.
PS - as long as I'm making a list...
Why an additional road tax for bicyclists would be unfairhttp://www.vtpi.org/whoserd.pdf
Elly Blue, 27 Sep 2010
Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2004
In particular note Table 4 of Whose Roads
(reformatted due to HTML constraints):
Two neighbors each pay $300 annually in local taxes that fund roads and
traffic services. Mike Motorist drives 10,000 miles annually on local roads,
while Frances Footpower bicycles 3,000 miles. The table below compares
the costs they impose with what they pay in taxes.
Table 4 Local Roadway Payments Versus Costs
A. Annual local mileage 10,000 3,000
B. Household’s general taxes used for
road related services. $300 $300
C. Motorist user fees spent on local
road (0.2¢ per mile). $24 $0
D. Total road system contribution (B + C) $324 $300
E. Tax payment per mile of travel (B/A). 3.2¢ 10¢
F. Roadway costs (cars = 5.6¢/ml,
bicycles = 0.2¢/ml) $560 $48
Net (D – F) Underpays $236 Overpays $252
Non-drivers pay almost the same as motorists for local roads but impose
lower costs. As a result, they tend to overpay their share of roadway costs.
From BikePortland's front page, Editorial: GOP budget...
http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/COMM/KeyFacts.shtml # ODOT's page on road funding
"On average, states raise 38% of their road funds from fuel taxes and 22% from vehicle
registration fees. Bonds make up 18% and the remaining 22% comes from other taxes and tolls."
Also breaks out by state the percentage of road funding based on fuel tax, and refers to several source docs such as:
REVENUES USED BY STATES FOR HIGHWAYS - 2004
I am sceptical of those numbers. Oregon vehicle registration is among the lowest nationally and its fuel taxes are just a bit above average, so how do those figures end up so much higher than the national average?
The UIOWA ICAN study cites http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohim/hs04/htm/sf1.htm
as the source of that data. That FHWA DOT data says:
HIGHWAY-USER REVENUES >>> 57.0%
- MOTOR- FUEL TAXES 385,463 >>> 32.2%
- MOTOR- VEHICLE AND MOTOR- CARRIER TAXES 297,253 >>> 24.8%
TOTAL RECEIPTS 1,198,718 >>> 100%
So, 57% user fees and taxes means that 43% came from other, non-user fees and taxes in Oregon in 2004. That's a big gap from the UIOWA numbers.
"We All Pay For The Roads"
Josh Cohen, August 31, 2010
Seattle DoT (SDOT) numbers - gas tax is 4% of SDOT budget
Not specifically about taxes and fees, but worthy anyway...
"How Do People Choose a Travel Mode? Factors Associated with Routine Walking & Bicycling"
Robert Schneider, UC Berkeley, May 6, 2011
PBOT 2011/12 budget
Page 83 - Table 4: General Transportation Revenue Budget [mostly gas tax (61.6%) and parking (26.4%)]
Capital Improvement Program(CIP) is a smaller document starting on page 91 of the larger PDF. Page 107 of the large PDF (p. 16 of the CIP doc) has pie chart for CIP funding. General Transportation Revenue (GTR; gas tax, vehicle registration, parking and fines) makes up 38% of the pie, second largest after Grants & Contracts.
18 May 2011
Survey: 90 percent of avid Oregon bicyclists also own, drive cars
Friday, October 23, 2009
Joseph Rose, The Oregonian [Joe Rose]
Do motorists pay for the roads they use? No, says public interest group
Thursday, January 06, 2011
Joseph Rose, The Oregonian
Federal Transportation Programs Shortchange Motorists: Update of a USDOT Study
June 8, 2009
Wendell Cox and Ronald Utt, Ph.D.
Rebuttal by rawillis3 in Oregonian January 06, 2011 comments, above:
"that study talks only about federal subsidies, measured in terms of the expenditure allocations of fuel taxes. it does not directly address where every dollar that is spent on each mode of transportation ultimately comes from. even where it says 40 percent of the federal highway trust fund is spent on things other than road, it lists a bunch of stuff that relates fairly directly to road infrastructure maintenance, development, and planning."
27 May 2011
(Oregon vehicle registration fees; $86/2-year for cars, $48 motorcycles, $43 electric motorcycles)
2009 USDOT FHWA numbers:
Highway Statistics 2009
Disposition of State Highway-User Revenues - 2009
Disposition of State Motor-Fuel Tax Receipts
Disposition of Receipts From State Imposts on Highway Users
Local Government Funding For Highways - Summary - 2008
...seems to show that local fund for road expenditures comes mostly from the general fund which everyone pays.
8 July 2011
"Using Federal Highway Administration data, Subsidyscope calculated that in 2007, user fees accounted for 51 percent of all road funding—a 10 percent decline over the previous decade and the lowest level since the creation of the Federal Highway Trust Fund in 1957."
18 August 2011
- bike licensing